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Taylor, Robert W
Juvenile justice : policies, programs, and practices / Robert W. Taylor, Eric J. Fritsch, Tory J. Caeti
2nd ed
Boston : McGraw-Hill Higher Education, c2007
book jacket
Location Call Number Status
 CEHHS Curriculum Knowledge Center, Rm 265  CL 364.362973 TAY    AVAILABLE
Subject(s) Juvenile justice, Administration of -- United States
Physical Description xxiv, 469, [45] p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 29 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Contents pt. 1. Juvenile justice and delinquency in the United States -- 1. The juvenile justice system -- Origins of the juvenile justice system -- Juvenile court jurisdiction -- Defining delinquency -- Defining a juvenile -- The language of juvenile justice -- Overview of the juvenile justice system -- Law enforcement and other referral sources -- Juvenile court -- Disposition -- Comparison of juvenile and criminal justice systems -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 2. History of the juvenile justice system -- The changing shape of the juvenile justice system -- Historical treatment of juveniles -- Juvenile justice under the English common law -- Juvenile justice in colonial America -- Children during the Industrial Revolution -- Early American juvenile institutions -- Houses of refuge -- The development of parens patriae and reform schools -- Early juvenile justice in the United States -- Juvenile justice during the Victorian era -- The traditional model of juvenile justice (1900s-1960s) -- The due process model of juvenile justice (1960s-1980s) -- The punitive model of juvenile justice (1980s-present) -- The shifting assumptions of juvenile justice in the United States -- Cyclical changes in juvenile justice : history repeating itself -- The cycles of change -- The three key periods of juvenile justice history -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 3. Juvenile crime, criminals, and victims -- Issues in the measurement of juvenile crime -- Measuring the extent of juvenile crime -- Official records and measures -- Victimization statistics and measures -- Self-report statistics and measures -- Comparison of the three methods -- Trends in juvenile crime and statistics -- Juvenile victimization rates and trends -- Risk and protective factors in juvenile delinquency -- Biology and genetics -- Family -- Personality -- Social environment -- Ecological environment -- Education -- Behavior and lifestyle -- Cumulative effects of risk factors -- Outcomes and opportunities -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading --
pt. 2. Theories of juvenile delinquency -- 4. Choice, deterrence, biological, and psychological theories -- Theories of juvenile delinquency -- Classical and positive schools of thought -- Classical school -- Positive school -- Choice theory -- Routine activities -- Deterrence theory -- Biological theories -- Morphological approach -- Genetics and inherited factors -- Biochemical and neurological approach -- Psychological theories -- Psychoanalytic approach -- Moral development and delinquency -- Personality disorders -- Learning theories -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 5. Social structure, social process, and social reaction theories -- Social theories of delinquency -- Social structure theories -- Ecological theory -- Strain theory -- Subculture theory -- Social process theories -- Learning theory -- Social control theory -- Life course theories -- Thornberry's interactional theory -- Sampson and Laub's age-graded theory -- Social reaction theories -- Labeling theory -- Conflict theory -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 6. Delinquency prevention and intervention -- Delinquency prevention programs -- The theory of delinquency prevention -- Early pre-delinquent intervention and prevention -- Risk-focused prevention programs -- Family treatment and intervention -- Diversion -- Diversion programs -- Diversion effectiveness -- School-based programs -- Community-based programs -- Mentoring -- Job services -- Recreational and time-occupying programs -- Teen courts -- Teen court models and process -- Teen court effectiveness -- Programs focusing on status offenses -- What does not work -- Sacred straight -- What does work? -- Cost effectiveness or prevention -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading --
pt. 3. Policing juveniles, the law, and the courts -- 7. Police and juveniles -- The central role of police agencies in the juvenile justice system -- Role of the police in dealing with juvenile offenders -- Early policing in juvenile justice and police matrons -- The changing role of the police -- Definitions of police roles and responsibilities -- Community and problem-oriented policing -- Processing of juvenile delinquents by police -- Policing status offenders and abused or neglected children -- Police discretion in dealing with juvenile offenders -- Police attitudes toward juveniles -- Juveniles' attitudes toward police -- Police-based programs for juveniles -- D.A.R.E. and other school-based programs -- New directions in working with juveniles in policing -- Redlands, California : risk-focused policing -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 8. Juvenile law and procedure -- The development of juvenile law and procedures -- Early juvenile law -- Landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases in juvenile justice -- Kent v. United States -- In re Gault -- In re Winship -- McKeiver v. Pennsylvania -- Impact of the landmark cases -- Issues in juvenile law -- Juvenile waiver of rights -- Juvenile right to counsel -- Search and seizure -- Interrogations and confessions -- Juvenile proceedings -- Juvenile records -- Bail -- Detention -- Juvenile right to jury trial -- Juvenile correctional law -- Right to treatment -- Juvenile rights at school -- Victims' rights in juvenile justice -- Curfew laws -- Adult criminal trials versus juvenile adjudicatory proceedings -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 9. The juvenile court -- The first juvenile justice courts -- The juvenile court today -- Categories of delinquency diversion -- Juvenile court personnel -- Juvenile court judge -- Juvenile court referee -- Prosecuting attorney -- Defense attorney -- Probation officer -- Intake -- Decision to detain -- Qualified right to post bail -- Decision to petition the case -- Prosecutor decision making -- Adjudication -- Arraignment -- Adjudication hearing -- Disposition -- Predisposition report -- Disposition hearing -- The future of the juvenile court -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 10. Juveniles in the criminal justice system -- Changing beliefs about the purpose of juvenile justice -- Waiver to adult court -- Purpose of waiver to adult court -- Types of waiver to adult court -- Trends in the use of waiver to adult court -- Effectiveness of waiver to adult court -- Public attitudes toward waiver to adult court -- Blended sentencing -- Types of blended sentencing -- Juveniles in adult prisons -- Death penalty for juvenile offenders -- Prevalence and use prior to Roper -- United States Supreme Court cases prior to Roper -- Roper v. Simmons (2005) : the death penalty for juveniles is ruled unconstitutional -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading --
pt. 4. Juvenile corrections -- 11. Community-based corrections for juveniles -- Introduction and overview of juvenile corrections -- History of juvenile corrections -- Juvenile community corrections -- Juvenile probation -- Juvenile probation process -- Probation caseload -- Probation conditions -- Issues in juvenile probation -- Working in juvenile probation -- Variations in juvenile probation -- Intensive supervision probation (ISP) -- Shock probation -- School-based probation -- House arrest and electronic monitoring -- Alternative sanctions in juvenile community corrections -- Mediation -- Restitution -- Community service -- Community correctional alternatives to incarceration -- Counseling and specialized treatment programs -- Day treatment programs -- Foster care -- Group homes -- Wilderness and adventure programs -- Vocational and apprenticeship programs -- Aftercare for juveniles, juvenile parole, and parolee services -- Qualities of effective juvenile correctional programs -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 12. Institutional corrections for juveniles -- Juvenile placement -- The population in institutional corrections -- Public versus private facilities -- Institutional facilities for juveniles -- Detention -- Short-term secure facilities -- Programming in institutional corrections -- Correctional treatment -- Correctional education -- Correctional industry and vocational training -- Specialized treatment and programs -- Programs for serious and repeat juvenile delinquents -- Institutional life for juveniles -- Working in institutional corrections -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading --
pt. 5. Issues in juvenile delinquency -- 13. Gangs and delinquency -- Gangs in society -- Defining gangs -- What is a gang? -- Who is a gang member? -- Why do youths join gangs? -- What is gang-related crime? -- The extent of the gang problem -- Types of gangs -- Other categories of gangs -- Characteristics of gangs -- Age -- Race and ethnicity -- Gender, females and gangs -- Gang migration -- Communication -- Delinquent activity -- Responses to gangs -- Controlling gang activity -- Law enforcement efforts -- Prosecution efforts -- Nuisance abatement -- Legislative efforts -- The future of gangs -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 14. Special populations -- Juveniles and violence -- School violence -- Mentally ill juvenile offenders -- Juvenile drug offenders -- Drug use among adolescents -- Drugs, delinquency, and juvenile violence -- Juvenile sex offenders -- The progression of aggressive sexual behavior -- Chronic juvenile offenders -- Characteristics of chronic juvenile offenders -- "Hackers and crackers" -- Violent juvenile offenders -- Characteristics of violent juvenile offenders -- Hate crime -- Juvenile victimization and exploitation -- Child abuse and neglect -- Child pornography -- Child predators -- Child prostitution -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- 15. Future directions of juvenile justice -- The juvenile court will change -- Current directions in juvenile justice -- Abolish the juvenile justice system? -- Balanced and restorative justice (BARJ) model -- Future directions in juvenile justice -- Prevention strategies -- Specialty courts -- Intervention strategies -- Curfew and truancy programs -- Parental liability -- Final thoughts -- Summary by chapter objectives -- Hands-on activities -- Internet activities -- Answers to self-checks -- Additional reading -- Endnotes -- Glossary -- Index
Series CEHHS Curriculum Knowledge Center
Alternate Author Fritsch, Eric J
Caeti, Tory J

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