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Global report for research on infectious diseases of poverty
Production, publication, distribution, manufacture, copyright Geneva, Switzerland : TDR/World Health Organization, [2012]
Geneva, Switzerland : WHO Document Production Services
©2012
book jacket
Location Call Number Status
 4th Floor  RA643 .G63 2012    AVAILABLE
Subject(s) Communicable diseases -- Research -- International cooperation
Poverty -- Research -- International cooperation
Medicine -- Research -- International cooperation
World health -- Research -- International cooperation
Public health -- Research -- International cooperation
Physical Description vii, 168 pages : color illustrations ; 30 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references
"With financial support of European Union, World Health Organization, TDR."
Contents 1. Why research infectious diseases of poverty? -- Poverty and infectious disease : a problematic relationship -- Infectious disease : the true burden on communities -- The value of research : new ways to end old diseases -- Poverty, infectious disease and policy : moving beyond the Millennium Development Goals -- The cost of inaction : social and economic consequences -- Tackling disease : a need for investment -- Ten reasons to research infectious diseases of poverty -- 1. Break the vicious cycle of poverty and infectious disease -- 2. Forge an escape for the poor and vulnerable -- 3. Tackle multiple problems -- 4. Commute the life sentence -- 5. Be prepared : forewarned is forearmed -- 6. Reach the hardest to reach -- 7. Prevent loss in translation -- 8. Identify small changes that can make a big difference -- 9. Stay focused on the light at the end of the tunnel -- 10. Act quickly on what we know -- Under the lens -- 2. Environment, Climate Change, Social Factors and the implications for Controlling infectious diseases of poverty -- Understanding the microbial world : the inescapable starting point -- Drug and insecticide resistance : magic bullets will not suffice -- Climate change : not entirely to blame -- Deforestation : cutting the branch we sit on -- Urbanization : is wealthier always healthier? -- Agriculture : also sowing seeds of sickness -- Hunger and malnutrition : getting the right food to the right table -- Conflict : another man-made disaster, amplifying infectious disease -- Migration and globalization : disease, a worldwide traveller -- Infectious diseases, the environment and poverty : a time bomb in the making? -- Approaches for future research : three tracks to explore -- Better understanding of the microbial world -- Expand and better utilize existing data and resources -- "One World, One Health" -- Conclusion: a big picture requiring intelligent investment and interaction -- 3. Health Systems -- Understanding the relationship between health systems and diseases control programmes and the role of health systems research -- Leadership and governance : getting a grip on things -- Financing : the right level at the right time and place -- Human resources for health : caring comes from people -- Medicines and technology : an essential combination -- Health information and health infrastructure : good data clear the path -- Communities and health systems : people make the difference -- Infectious diseases, poverty, health systems and health systems research : bringing it all together -- Developing the interface between health system components and infectious disease control programmes : the missing link -- Developing systemic approaches -- Strengthening research capacity for a positive interrelation between disease control programmes and the rest of the health system -- Conclusions : from dependence to ownership -- 4. Innovation and new technologies to tackle infectious diseases of poverty -- Understanding the health innovation system : navigating unchartered waters -- Global initiatives to encourage innovation : turbo-charging -- Funding for innovation : Food for brains -- Priority setting for health R&D : where to start? -- Policy environments in developing countries : more than scaffolding required -- Public-private product development partnerships : the fast-track alliance -- Social innovations : science on its own is not enough -- Overcoming social and cultural barriers : getting communities involved -- Building capacity : incubating entrepreneurship -- Ethics, innovation and infectious disease -- A three-step approach to future research -- New models of sharing and delivery : thinking out of the box -- Building networks and an innovation platform : tying knots that will hold -- Innovating for "One World, One Health" : one phrase says it all -- Conclusion : innovate or fail -- 5. Research and development funding for infectious diseases of poverty : from landscape to architecture -- What are the issues at stake? -- The big picture: current funding landscape and some recent trends -- A complex landscape -- Unmet targets -- Balancing funds and needs -- Contradictory trends -- Implementation research funding : the poor relative -- The role of product development partnerships: can success be maintained? -- A more detailed picture of funding of R&D for infectious diseases of poverty -- What is the trend for R&D funding? -- Who is funding R&D? -- How are funds being channelled? -- How are R&D funds allocated? -- Which diseases is funding focused on? -- What type of research is funded? -- Who is being funded? -- Promising trends -- Drivers of research funding flows for infectious diseases of poverty : what do the funders say? -- Future trends in the funding landscape -- Key challenges in funding R&D -- Making the "right type" of R&D investments -- Avoiding wastage -- Capacity building -- Strengthening the data reservoir to help decision-making on funding flows -- What would the future funding architecture look like? -- 6. Agenda for action -- Setting the scene for action -- The call to action -- Option 1: Create and use a new index of infectious diseases of poverty to serve as a surrogate marker of national socioeconomic development -- Option 2: Implement a "One Health, One World" strategy in relation to research for infectious diseases of poverty -- Option 3: Actively promote research ownership with enabling policies by disease endemic countries -- Option 4: Create an innovation platform to foster a culture of innovation to benefit public health -- Option 5: Create an online global platform of research resources to inform on strategies, policies and funding commitments
Summary "Infectious diseases remain key agents of the debilitating poverty afflicting so much of the world today. Each year these diseases kill almost 9 million people, many of them children under five, and they also cause enormous burdens through life-long disability. Stepping up research into their causes and how to effectively treat them and prevent them from spreading could have an enormous impact on efforts to lift people out of poverty and to build a better world for future generations. ... [This report] offers new ways of improving public health in low and middle income countries, with research as the compelling foundation and driver for policies."--P. 9
Alternate Author European Union
World Health Organization
Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases

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