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Spellman, Frank R
The handbook of nature / Frank R. Spellman and Joni Price-Bayer
Alternate Title Nature
Lanham, Md. : Government Institutes, 2012
book jacket
Location Call Number Status
 4th Floor  QH45.5 .S63 2012    AVAILABLE
Subject(s) Natural history -- Popular works
Natural history -- Handbooks, manuals, etc
Biology -- Popular works
Biology -- Handbooks, manuals, etc
Earth sciences -- Popular works
Earth sciences -- Handbooks, manuals, etc
Physical Description xvii, 463 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Contents pt. I. What is nature? -- 1. Nature's Jekyll and Hyde personality -- Nature gives, takes away, and...gives back -- The warm fire -- From moonscape to landscape -- "If the mountain goes, I"m going with it" -- Glacial Lake Missoula nd Dry Falls -- pt. II. Earth's structure -- 2. Composition of Earth -- Planet Earth -- Earth products, beauty, and divisions -- Earth geology -- Structure of Earth -- Earth's geological processes -- Rock cycle (aka geologic cycle) -- The Lithosphere -- Soil -- Soil formation --Reshaping Earth -- Introduction -- Endogenic forces -- Volcanism -- Earthquakes -- Plate tectonics -- Exogenic forces -- Weathering -- Glaciation -- Wind erosion -- Mass wasting -- Desertification -- Water flow (streams) : transport of material (load) --pt. III. The Atmosphere : Earth's breath -- 4. The Atmosphere -- Earth's atmosphere is born -- Earth's thin skin -- Troposphere -- Stratosphere -- A Jekyll and Hyde view of the atmosphere -- Atmospheric particulate matter -- Moisture in the atmosphere -- Cloud formation -- Major cloud types -- 5. Atmospheric water phenomena -- Precipitation -- Coalescence -- Bergeron process -- Types of precipitation -- Convectional precipitation -- Orographic precipitation -- Frontal precipitation -- Colored rain -- Cloudless rain -- Evapotranspiration -- Evaporation -- Transpiration -- Evapotranspiration : the process -- Albino rainbow -- 6. Atmosphere in motion -- Global air movement -- Global wind patterns -- Earth's atmosphere in motion -- Causes of air motion -- Local and world air circulation -- 7. Weather and climate -- What's the difference between weather and climate? -- El NiƱo : southern oscillation -- The sun : the weather generator -- Air masses -- Thermal inversions and air pollution -- Climate -- Climate divisions -- Climate subdivision -- Microclimates -- Microclimates near the ground -- Microclimates over open land area -- Microclimates in woodlands or forested areas -- Microclimates in valleys and hillside regions -- Microclimates in urban areas -- Microclimates in seaside locations --
pt. IV. Water : Earth's blood -- 8. Water on Earth -- Water is special, strange, and different -- Historical perspective -- So necessary, but easy to abuse -- 9. All about water -- Characteristics of water -- Inflammable air + vital air = water -- Just two H's and one O -- Water's physical properties -- Capillary action -- Water cycle -- Specific water movements -- Sources of water -- Portable water source -- Potable water -- Surface water -- How readily available is potable water? -- Groundwater supply -- 10. Earth's oceans and their margins -- Oceans -- Ocean floors -- Ocean tides, currents, and waves -- Coastal erosion, transportation, and deposition -- Wave erosion -- Marine transportation -- Marine deposition -- 11. Running waters -- Stream genesis and structure -- Streams -- Characteristics of stream channels -- Stream profiles -- Sinuosity -- Bars, riffles, and pools -- Floodplain -- Water flow in a stream -- Stream water discharge -- Transport of material (load) -- Groundwater -- Geologic activity of groundwater -- 12. Still Waters -- Lentic habitat -- Classification of lakes -- Classification based on eutrophication -- Special types of lakes -- Impoundments (shut-ins) -- pt. V. Earth's life forms -- 13. Biosphere -- What is life? -- Life : an afterthought -- Levels off organization -- The scientific method -- Case study : scientific method--Pfiesteria and fish health -- 14. Ecosystems -- Types of ecosystems -- Biogeochemical cycles -- Nutrient cycles -- Water cycle -- Water reservoirs, fluxes, and residence times -- Carbon cycle -- Nitrogen cycle -- Phosphorus cycle -- Sulfur cycle -- Energy flow -- Food chain efficiency -- Ecological pyramids -- Relationships in living communities -- Productivity -- 15. The fundamental unit of life -- Types of cells -- Cell structure -- Intercellular junctions (animal cells) -- 16. Biological diversity -- Classification -- Kingdoms of life -- Bacteria -- Viruses -- Protists -- Protozoa -- Algae -- Slime and water molds -- Fungi -- Plants : the great starch producers -- The plant kingdom -- The plant cell -- Vascular plants -- Leaves -- Chlorophyll / chloroplast -- Photosynthesis -- Roots -- Growth in vascular plants -- Plant hormones -- Tropisms : plant behavior -- Photoperiodism -- Plant reproduction -- Animals -- Invertebrates -- Vertebrates --
17. Animal groups -- Birds -- Songbirds -- Waterfowl populations -- Geese -- Ducks -- Shorebirds -- Seabirds -- Colonial nesting waterbirds -- Raptors -- Wild turkeys -- Mourning doves -- Common ravens -- Mississippi Sandhill cranes -- Piping plovers -- Red-cockaded woodpeckers -- Southwestern willow flycatchers -- Mammals -- Marine mammals -- Indiana bats -- Gray wolves -- North American black bears -- Grizzly bears -- Block-footed ferrets -- American badgers -- Northeastern white-tailed deer -- North American elk -- Reptiles and amphibians -- Turtles -- Marine turtles -- Amphibians -- American alligators in Florida -- Native Ranid frogs -- Desert tortoises -- Fringe-toed lizards -- Tarahumara frog -- Fishes -- Freshwater fishes of the contiguous United States -- Managed populations : loss of genetic integrity through stocking Colorado River Basin fishes -- Cutthroat trout : Glacier National Park -- White sturgeon -- Invertebrates -- Diversity of insects -- Grasshoppers -- Lepidoptera : butterflies and moths -- Aquatic insects and biotic indices -- Insect macroinvertebrates -- Other invertebrates -- Plants -- Fungi -- Microfungi -- Macrofungi -- Lichens -- Bryophytes -- Native vascular plants -- pt. VI. Wilderness -- 18. Land organism -- What is wilderness? -- U.S. Forest resources -- Forested wetlands -- Fire regimes within fire-adapted ecosystems -- Vegetation change in national parks -- Whitebark ecosystem -- Wisconsin oak savanna -- Glossary
Summary The study of nature is a complex science involving many different fields from geology and meteorology to biology, zoology, and botany. This complexity indicates nature's broad scope of impact. It is at once beautiful and dangerous, displaying power beyond human control. An understanding of the basic principles and concepts of the study of nature is therefore both enriching and practical. In The Handbook of Nature, authors Frank R. Spellman and Joni Price-Bayer provide a comprehensive guide to the study of nature in terms the layperson can grasp easily. This accessible reference work is for the non-specialist looking for quick, accurate information on all aspects of the study of nature. The handbook is arranged thematically for a logical and user-friendly progression through the material. It includes chapters on the earth's structure and landforms, the atmosphere and weather, water and water sources, and the many different forms of life from single-celled organisms to complex vertebrates. Along with basic natural scientific principles, the authors look closely at the consequences of human interactions with the environment we inhabit. This reference concludes with a glossary and index, and each chapter provides further resources and recommended reading. It is an essential tool for students and professionals alike
Alternate Author Price-Bayer, Joni, 1964-

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