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Dalacoura, Katerina
Islamist terrorism and democracy in the Middle East / Katerina Dalacoura
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011
book jacket
Location Call Number Status
 3rd Floor  HV6433.M5 D35 2011    AVAILABLE
Subject(s) Terrorism -- Middle East
Terrorism -- Religious aspects
Islamic fundamentalism
Islam and politics
Democracy -- Middle East
Subject Middle East -- Politics and government
Physical Description x, 213 p. ; 23 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references (p. 187-208) and index
Contents The book's central question and rationale : U.S. democracy promotion in the Middle East after 11 September 2001 ; The book's argument and methodology ; Key terms and concepts -- 1. Terrorism, democracy and Islamist terrorism : Terrorism and democracy ; The causes of Islamist terrorism -- 2. Transnational Islamist terrorism: Al Qaeda : Al Qaeda's evolution as a terrorist actor ; Rootlessness and terrorist violence ; Rootlessness and the absence of terrorism: the case of Hizb ut Tahrir -- 3. Islamist terrorism and national liberation: Hamas and Hizbullah : Hamas : The Muslim Brotherhood and the emergence of Hamas in the First Intifada ; Terrorism and the Oslo Peace Process ; The al Aqsa Intifada and the 2006 legislative elections -- Hizbullah : Hizbullah terrorism in the 1980s ; The trajectory of terrorism and violence in the 1990s and beyond -- 4. Islamist terrorism in domestic conflicts: the armed Islamic group in Algeria and the Gamaa Islamiya in Egypt : The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) : The background of Islamist politics in Algeria ; The rise and fall of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) ; Terrorism and the GIA -- The Gamaa Islamiya : Islamist politics in Egypt and the emergence of the Gamaa Islamiya ; Patterns of terrorism in the Egyptian conflict of the 1990s -- 5. Moderation and Islamist movements in opposition: the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood/Islamic Action Front, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and the Tunisian Nahda : The Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood/Islamic Action Front : Islamist politics in Jordan ; Participation as a cause of moderation -- Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood : The monarchical and Nasser eras ; The Muslim Brotherhood's ideological evolution under Sadat and Mubarak ; Participation and repression as causes of modernism -- Tunisia's Nahda : Islamist politics in Tunisia ; Moderation despite repression -- 6. Islamist moderation and the experience of government: Turkey's Welfare and Justice and Development parties and the Islamic Republic of Iran : Turkey's welfare and justice and development parties : Islamist politics until the 1980s ; The welfare party ; The Justice and Development Party (JDP) -- The Islamic Republic of Iran : Iranian Islamism under the Shah ; Terrorism and the Islamic Republic ; Democracy, liberalism and political pluralism
Summary What were the reasons behind the terrorist attacks of September 11th? Does the cause of Islamist terrorism relate to the lack of democracy in the Middle East? Through detailed research into the activities of both radical and moderate organizations across the Middle East, such as the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas and Hizbullah, and via interviews with key personnel, the author investigates whether repression and political exclusion pushed Islamist entities to adopt terrorist tactics. She also explores whether inclusion in the political process has had the opposite effect of encouraging Islamist groups toward moderation and ideological pragmatism. In a challenge to the conventional wisdom, she concludes that Islamist terrorism is not a direct consequence of authoritarianism in the Middle East and that there are many key factors that generate radicalism

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