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Balcom, Karen Andrea, 1965-
The traffic in babies : cross-border adoption and baby-selling between the United States and Canada, 1930-1972 / Karen A. Balcom
Alternate Title Cross-border adoption and baby-selling between the United States and Canada, 1930-1972
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2011
book jacket
Location Call Number Status
 3rd Floor  HV875.58.C3 B34 2011    AVAILABLE
Subject(s) Intercountry adoption -- Canada -- History -- 20th century
Intercountry adoption -- United States -- History -- 20th century
Intercountry adoption -- Canada -- Case studies
Intercountry adoption -- Corrupt practices -- Canada
Intercountry adoption -- Law and legislation -- Canada
Physical Description xii, 356 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., maps, ports. ; 24 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references (p. [317]-341) and index
Contents Introduction: Babies Across Borders -- Charlotte Whitton and Border-Crossings in the 1930s -- Border-Crossing Responses to the Ideal Maternity Home, 1945-1947 -- The Alberta Babies-for-Export Scandal, 1947-1949 -- Cross-Border Placements for Catholic Children From Quebec, 1945-1960 -- Criminal Law and Baby Black Markets, 1954-1964 -- Controlling Cross Border Adoption, 1950-1972 -- Conclusion: A "No Man's Land" of Jurisdiction
Summary "Between 1930 and the mid-1970s, several thousand Canadian-born children were adopted by families in the United States. At times, adopting across the border was a strategy used to deliberately avoid professional oversight and take advantage of varying levels of regulation across states and provinces. The Traffic in Babies traces the efforts of Canadian and American child welfare leaders - with intermittent support from immigration officials, politicians, police, and criminal prosecutors - to build bridges between disconnected jurisdictions and control the flow of babies across the Canada-U.S. border
Karen A. Balcom details the dramatic and sometimes tragic history of cross-border adoptions - from the Ideal Maternity Home case and the Alberta Babies-for-Export scandal to trans-racial adoptions of Aboriginal children. Exploring how and why babies were moved across borders, The Traffic in Babies is a fascinating look at how social workers and other policy makers tried to find the birth mothers, adopted children, and adoptive parents who disappeared into the spaces between child welfare and immigration laws in Canada and the United States."--pub. desc
Series Studies in gender and history

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