Subject(s) 
Galois modules (Algebra)


Class field theory

Physical Description 
xi, 425 p. ; 25 cm 
Note 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [403]421) and index 
Contents 
Introduction, main results, context / by B. Edixhoven  Modular curves, modular forms, lattices, Galois representations / by B. Edixhoven  First description of the algorithms / by J.M. Couveignes and . Edixhoven  Short introduction to heights and Arakelov theory / by B. Edixhoven and R. de Jong  Computing complex zeros of polynomials and power series / by J.M. Couveignes  Computations with modular forms and Galois representations / by J. Bosman  Polynomials for projective representations of level one forms / by J. Bosman  Description of X₁(5l) / by B. Edixhoven  Applying Arakelov theory / by B. Edixhoven and R. de Jong  An upper bound for green functions on Riemann surfaces / by F. Merkl  Bounds for Arakelov invariants of modular curves / by B. Edixhoven and R. de Jong  Approximating Vf (sic) over the complex numbers / by J.M Couveignes  Computing Vf (sic) modulo p (sic) / by J.M. Couveignes  Computing the residual Galois representations / by B. Edixhoven  Computing coefficients of modular forms / by B. Edixhoven 
Summary 
"Modular forms are tremendously important in various areas of mathematics, from number theory and algebraic geometry to combinatorics and lattices. Their Fourier coefficients, with Ramanujan's taufunction as a typical example, have deep arithmetic significance. Prior to this book, the fastest known algorithms for computing these Fourier coefficients took exponential time, except in some special cases. The case of elliptic curves (Schoof's algorithm) was at the birth of elliptic curve cryptography around 1985. This book gives an algorithm for computing coefficients of modular forms of level one in polynomial time. For example, Ramanujan's tau of a prime number P can be computed in time bounded by a fixed power of the logarithm of P. Such fast computation of Fourier coefficients is itself based on the main result of the book: the computation, in polynomial time, of Galois representations over finite fields attached to modular forms by the Langlands program. Because these Galois representations typically have a nonsolvable image, this result is a major step forward from explicit class field theory, and it could be described as the start of the explicit Langlands program.The computation of the Galois representations uses their realization, following Shimura and Deligne, in the torsion subgroup of Jacobian varieties of modular curves. The main challenge is then to perform the necessary computations in time polynomial in the dimension of these highly nonlinear algebraic varieties. Exact computations involving systems of polynomial equations in many variables take exponential time. This is avoided by numerical approximations with a precision that suffices to derive exact results from them. Bounds for the required precisionin other words, bounds for the height of the rational numbers that describe the Galois representation to be computedare obtained from Arakelov theory. Two types of approximations are treated: one using complex uniformization and another one using geometry over finite fields.The book begins with a concise and concrete introduction that makes its accessible to readers without an extensive background in arithmetic geometry. And the book includes a chapter that describes actual computations" Provided by publisher 

"This book represents a major step forward from explicit class field theory, and it could be described as the start of the 'explicit Langlands program'" Provided by publisher 
Series 
Annals of mathematics studies ; 176

Alternate Author 
Edixhoven, B. (Bas), 1962


Couveignes, JeanMarc

