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Stanovich, Keith E., 1950-
Rationality and the reflective mind / Keith E. Stanovich
New York : Oxford University Press, 2011
book jacket
Location Call Number Status
 3rd Floor  BF442 .S727 2011    AVAILABLE
Subject(s) Reasoning (Psychology)
Practical reason
Individual differences
Intellect
Cognition
Irrationalism (Philosophy)
Physical Description xi, 328 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Note Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Summary "In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science-the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. Stanovich shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness. Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual-process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. He posits that we need to supersede dual-process theories with tripartite models of cognition. The key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality are discussed in the book. The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation. The key function of the reflective mind, in contrast, is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities. Stanovich uses the algorithmic/reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors that are made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature. He presents empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is only modestly related to intelligence. Using the new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence-when both are properly defined-and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking"--Provided by publisher
"In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science--the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. Stanovich shows how the insights of dual-process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness. Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual-process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind. Using a new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a more encompassing construct than intelligence--when both are properly defined--and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought. Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking"--Provided by publisher
Note Machine generated contents note: -- Preface -- CHAPTER I: -- Dual-Process Theory and the Great Rationality Debate -- The Great Rationality Debate -- Individual Differences in the Great Rationality Debate -- Dual Process Theory: The Current State of Play -- Properties of Type 1 and Type 2 Processing -- Dual-Process Theory and Human Goals: -- Implications for the Rationality Debate -- The Rest of This Book: Complications in Dual Process Theory -- and Their Implications for the Concepts of Rationality and Intelligence -- CHAPTER II: -- Differentiating the Algorithmic Mind and the Reflective Mind -- Unpacking Type 2 Functioning Using Individual Differences -- Cognitive Ability and Thinking Dispositions -- Partition the Algorithmic and the Reflective Mind -- Intelligence Tests and Critical Thinking Tests -- Partition the Algorithmic from the Reflective Mind -- Thinking Dispositions as Independent Predictors of Rational Thought -- CHAPTER III: -- The Key Functions of the Reflective Mind -- and the Algorithmic Mind that Support Human Rationality -- So-Called "Executive Functioning" Measures Tap the -- Algorithmic Mind and Not the Reflective Mind -- CHAPTER IV: -- The Tri-Process Model and Serial Associative Cognition -- The Cognitive Miser and Focal Bias -- Converging Evidence in the Dual Process Literature -- CHAPTER V: -- The Master Rationality Motive and the Origins of the Nonautonomous Mind -- Metarepresentation and Higher-Order Preferences -- What Motivates the Search for Rational Integration? -- The Master Rationality Motive as a Psychological Construct -- Evolutionary Origins of the Master Rational Motive and Type 2 Processing -- CHAPTER VI: -- A Taxonomy of Rational Thinking Problems -- (with Richard F. West) -- Dual-Process Theory and Knowledge Structures -- The Preliminary Taxonomy -- Heuristics and Biases Tasks in Terms of the Taxonomy -- Multiply-Determined Problems of Rational Thought -- Missing Input from the Autonomous Mind -- CHAPTER VII: -- Intelligence as a Predictor of Performance on Heuristics and Biases Tasks -- (with Richard F. West) -- Intelligence and Classic Heuristics and Biases Effects -- Belief Bias and Myside Bias -- Why Thinking Biases Do and Do Not Associate with Cognitive Ability -- Cognitive Decoupling, Mindware Gaps, and Override Detection -- in Heuristics and Biases Tasks -- CHAPTER VIII: -- Rationality and Intelligence: Empirical and Theoretical Relationships and Implications for the Great Rationality Debate -- Intelligence and Rationality Associations in Terms of the Taxonomy -- Summary of the Relationships -- Individual Differences, the Reflective Mind, -- and the Great Rationality Debate -- Skepticism About Mindware-Caused Irrationalities -- CHAPTER IX: -- The Social Implications of Separating -- the Concepts of Intelligence and Rationality -- Broad Versus Narrow Concepts of Intelligence -- Intelligence Imperialism -- Intelligence Misidentified as Adaptation and the Deification of Intelligence -- Strategies for Cutting Intelligence Down to Size -- Society's Selection Mechanisms -- CHAPTER X: -- The Assessment of Rational Thought -- (with Richard F. West and Maggie E. Toplak) -- A Framework for the Assessment of Rational Thinking -- Operationalizing the Components of Rational Thought -- The Future of Research on Individual Differences in Rational Thought -- References -- Figures and Tables

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